Valerie Paris is a senior policy analyst at the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. She joined the OECD Secretariat 2005 to contribute to analytical work performed by the Health Division. She has been contributing to many projects, including studies on value-for-money, health systems΅― characteristics and performance and on pharmaceutical policies. Previously, she was researcher at the French Institute of Research and Information on Health Economics (IRDES), a non-for-profit organization. She holds a master΅―s degree in Economics, statistics and econometrics from the University of Paris 1-Sorbonne (1990).